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22 Oct 2016


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The world is experiencing a dramatic increase in population. This is causing problems not only for poor, undeveloped countries, but also for industrialised and developing nations.
Describe some of the problems that overpopulation causes, and suggest at least one possible solution.
Overpopulation has become a major issue in society in the 21st century and is seen as negatively influencing not only poor countries but also developing and developed countries. The purpose of this essay is to look at some of the problems caused by overpopulation as well as offer a practical solution to this.
One problem caused by an excessive population growth is a strain on available resources. Water is an obvious example as more is needed for not only human consumption but also the watering of crops, and industrial use. Demands for energy increase dramatically as well with more people using their own transport and factories manufacturing more goods for consumption. It is inevitable that more people, more demands leads to more waste and greater pollution in the world.
One way to help address this issue would be for the government to impose an upper limit to how many children a family can have. The one-child policy tried in China for years did work but also resulted in a wide disparity in males to females in many places. Tax incentives might also work with less tax being paid by parents with less children. This would be of benefit to any family finding it difficult to make ends meet as salaries rarely keep up with inflation.
In conclusion it is clear that while not all countries are suffering from too many people, Japan is one example, all countries will nevertheless feel the effects of ever diminishing global resources if nothing is done. Government enforcement of a one-child policy can work but would almost certainly meet with public resistance in developed countries. However, tax incentives would find favour with many people and still offer the them a choice of more children of they were willing to pay more.